Click here to return send an e-Mail to Dynamic Ideas.





Click here to
view a larger
cover image

Optimization Over Integers

by Dimitris Bertsimas and Robert Weismantel

Dynamic Ideas, Belmont, Massachusetts, May, 2005.

ISBN: 0-9759146-2-6

The purpose of this book is to provide a unified, insightful, and modern treatment of the theory of integer optimization with an eye towards the future. We have selected those topics that we feel have influenced the current state of the art and most importantly we feel will affect the future of the field. We depart from earlier treatments of integer optimization by placing significant emphasis on strong formulations, duality, algebra and most importantly geometry.

Example pages for your reviesw:

View the Table of Contents for the book here

The chapters of the book are logically organized in four parts:

Part I: Formulations and relaxations includes Chapters 1–5 and discusses how to formulate integer optimization problems, how to enhance the formulations to improve the quality of relaxations, how to obtain ideal formulations, the duality of integer optimization and how to solve the resulting relaxations both practically and theoretically.

Part II: Algebra and geometry of integer optimization includes Chapters 6–8 and
develops the theory of lattices, oulines ideas from algebraic geometry that have had an impact on integer optimization, and most importantly discusses the geometry of integer optimization, a key feature of the book. These chapters provide the building blocks for developing algorithms.

Part III: Algorithms for integer optimization includes Chapters 9–12 and develops cutting plane methods, integral basis methods, enumerative and heuristic methods and approximation algorithms. The key characteristic of our treatment is that our development of the algorithms is naturally based on the algebraic and geometric developments of Part II.

Part IV: Extensions of integer optimization includes Chapters 13 and 14, and treats mixed integer optimization and robust discrete optimization. Both areas are practically significant as real world problems have very often both continuous and discrete variables and have elements of uncertainty that need to be addressed in a tractable manner.

Distinguishing Characteristics Of This Book:

  • Develops the theory of integer optimization from a new geometric perspective via integral generating sets
  • Emphasizes strong formulations, ways to improve them, integral polyhedra, duality, and relaxations
  • Discusses applications of lattices and algebraic geometry to integer optimization, including Gröbner bases, optimization over polynomials and counting integer points in polyhedra
  • Contains a unified geometric treatment of cutting plane and integral basis methods
  • Covers enumerative and heuristic methods, including local search over exponential neighborhoods and simulated annealing
  • Presents the major methods to construct approximation algorithms:
    primal-dual, randomized rounding, semidefinite and enumerative methods
  • Provides a unified treatment of mixed integer and robust discrete optimization
  • Includes a large number of examples and exercises developed through extensive classroom use

Hands-On Materials

Download Cplex formulations and the data for the hands-on exercises organized by chapter for the book. You may click the button to initiate a file download of this material.


Dimitris Bertsimas is the Boeing Professor of Operations Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and

Robert Weismantel is the head of the Institute for Operations Research, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.